Mar 2005 - Mar 2017
The question "what battery should i install in my car" sounds for decades. The answer remains the same - you can install a battery of any capacity. Additional ampere-hours do not harm, and the only real limitations - the size of the place for battery, the length of the power cables and the economic expediency.
Reject a misconceptions such as "undercharging of a large capacity battery", "increased alternator load", "circuits overload with a large starting current" - it is nothing more than an antiscientific folklore.
- When selecting and purchasing the battery, re-check its polarity (reverse / straight) and the type of terminals (normal / thin).
- When installing an enlarged battery, ensure that there the positive terminal does not come into contact with the metal parts, especially with the closed bonnet.
- At used cars with several owners in past, the wiring may not correspond to the standard specification after reworking.
The designations of batteries for Japanese cars are in accordance with JIS D 5301: 2006. For example: 75D23R
75 - performance ranking (PR). This value does not indicate 20h rate capacity in ampere, as is customary in Europe, but means an integral characteristic that takes into account the reserve capacity and the cold start current. Determined as: PR = (CCAxRC)1/2/2.8, where RC is the reserve capacity in minutes (duration of discharging fully charged battery with 25 A to 10.5 V voltage), CCA is the cold cranking ampere (current at which the voltage remains above 7.2 V after discharging for 30s 7.2 V at -18°C).
D - form factor. Determined by the ratio of the height and width of the container, the batteries of form factors B and D are usually used.
23 - the length of the battery in centimeters.
R - location of the negative terminal (R - right, L - left).
||Capacity (Ah, 5h/20h)
||Cold crank ampere (-18)
||Overall height, mm
||Container height, mm
|30A19R(L)||24 / 30||-||178||162||197||9.0|
|38B20R(L)||28 / 36||340||225||203||197||11.2|
|55B24R(L)||36 / 46||410||223||200||234||13.7|
|55D23R(L)||48 / 60||525||223||200||230||17.8|
|80D23R(L)||60 / 75||600||223||200||230||18.5|
|80D26R(L)||60 / 75||600||223||200||257||19.4|
|105D31R(L)||72 / 90||675||223||202||302||24.1|
|120E41R(L)||88 / 110||810||228||206||402||28.3|
If the question, what battery was installed by manufacturer, is fundamental - we give the catalogues of Panasonic batteries, which Toyota cars were usually equipped with. It is more complete information than is available on Panasonic site, from which the "outdated" models are periodically removed.
Tables are intuitively understandable without translation - model, displacement, series, engine, production years, modifications, factory battery... the right column - battery for cold areas. In the later catalogues, only two boundary variants are indicated - factory and "cold".